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Importance of Risk Management

FX trading is risky since the market might move against us and cause loss. Trading risk is the likelihood of losing money. Taking risks is unavoidable, but you must avoid those that might damage your account. Risk management attempts to grasp two concepts: cutting your losses short and allowing your earnings run.

Higher losses necessitate larger earnings to regain your balance. If your balance drops 10%, you must earn 11.1% to regain your starting investment. This ratio rises with losses. To cover a 50% loss, you must earn 100%.

Drawdown required profit to recover

Trading capital Drawdown Balance Required profit to recover
$1,000 -5% $950 5.26%
$1,000 -10% $900 11.11%
$1,000 -15% $850 17.65%
$1,000 -20% $800 25.00%
$1,000 -25% $750 33.33%
$1,000 -30% $700 42.86%
$1,000 -35% $650 53.85%
$1,000 -40% $600 66.67%
$1,000 -45% $550 81.82%
$1,000 -50% $500 81.82%
$1,000 -55% $450 122.22%
$1,000 -60% $400 150.00%

Risk Management Rules

Let's examine the primary procedures that will assist you in implementing good risk management in FX trading.

Determine your risk limits

Although market participants have different risk appetites depending on their trading style, preferred time frames, and financial goals, it is essential to determine how much money one is willing to lose before entering a particular trade. It is recommended not to risk more than 3% of your equity on any single trade, and don't risk more than you can afford to lose. It means, with equity of €5000, the maximum risk on each trade should not be more than €150.

Place a protective stop-loss

Using stop-loss is a critical element of risk management. It means you should know where to exit a losing trade to protect your account against excessive losses. Moreover, stop-loss makes you able to identify your potential losses called pips at risk, which is the difference in pip between the entry price and the stop-loss price. For instance, when you are going to buy EURUSD at 1.19500 and place the stop-loss at 1.1930, you have 20 pips at risk for this trade.

Calculate optimal position size

Position sizing is a sort of calculations that lead to taking optimal units on a trade due to your risk limit and the trading set up. For instance, with a risk limit of €150 and 20 pips at risk, the proper position size to buy EURUSD at 1.19500 is figured like this: Risk limit per trade / Pips at risk = 75000 units of base currency or 0.75 lot.

Consider the Risk-Reward ratio

Another essential step in risk management is following a specific risk to reward ratio to measure where to lock in profits in advance. The risk to reward ratio indicates your potential reward for each dollar you put at risk. Following a 1:2 risk to reward ratio means a stop-loss of 20 pips signifies a take profit of 40 pips

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